Gurugram, is a city in the Indian state of Haryana and is located near the National Capital Region of India. It is 32 kilometers southwest of New Delhi and 268 kilometers southwest of Chandigarh, the state capital. As of 2011, Gurugram had a population of 15,14,432. Witnessing rapid urbanization, Gurugram has become a leading Financial and Industrial hub with the third highest per capita income in India. The city’s economic growth story started when the leading Indian automobile manufacturer Maruti Suzuki India Limited established a manufacturing plant in Gurugram in the 1970s. Today, Gurugram has local offices for more than 250 Fortune 500 companies.
As per Census 2011, some interesting facts about Gurugram.
|Description||Facts as per Census 2011||Facts as per Census 2001|
|Area Sq. Km||1,258||1,258|
|Proportion to Haryana Population||5.97%||4.12%|
|Sex Ratio (Per 1000)||854||850|
|Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age)||830||806|
|Total Child Population (0-6 Age)||202,602||144,640|
|Male Population (0-6 Age)||110,705||80,101|
|Female Population (0-6 Age)||91,897||64,539|
|Child Proportion (0-6 Age)||13.38%||16.61%|
|Boys Proportion (0-6 Age)||13.56%||17.02%|
|Girls Proportion (0-6 Age)||13.17%||16.13%|
Once a small dusty agricultural village, Gurugram has now emerged to become the city with the third highest per capita income in India. Popularly known as Millennium City, Gurugram has the presence of about 250 or 50% of the Fortune 500 companies. Gurugram‘s proximity to Delhi means easy access to political decision makers. Eventually, DLF Limited, a real estate company acquired vast stretches of land in the city. The first major American brand to set up a unit in Gurugram was General Electric in 1997. GE’s setup in Gurugram prompted other companies, both international as well as domestic, to follow suit. Today, Gurugram has emerged as one of the most important offshoring centers in the world, providing outsourcing solutions in software, IT, service and sales through delivery facilities and call centers. Apart from Business process outsourcing and IT sectors, the city is home to several other companies that specialize in domain expertise. Siemens Industry Software, in Gurugram Business Park, made a portfolio of design software that was used by NASA to digitally design, simulate and assemble the vehicle before any physical prototypes were built. Various international companies, including Coca-Cola, Pepsi, BMW, Agilent Technologies, have chosen Gurugram to be their Indian corporate headquarters. Retail is an important industry in Gurugram, with the presence of 26 shopping malls. Real estate is a major force in the city’s economy. Gurugram is home to some of the nation’s most valuable real estate.
On its north, Gurugram district is bounded by the district of Jhajjar and Delhi. Faridabad district lies to its east. On its south, the district shares boundaries with the Mewat District. To its west lie the Rewari district and the Rajasthan state. Gurugram city is situated at the northern edge of Aravali mountain range.
The Gurugram district is divided into 3 sub-divisions: Gurugram North, Gurugram South and Pataudi, which are further divided into 5 tehsils, namely, Gurugram, Sohna, Pataudi, Farukh Nagar, Manesar. It also comprises four blocks, Pataudi, Sohna, Gurugram and Farrukhnagar.
There are 4 Haryana Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) constituencies located in Gurugram district: Pataudi, Badshahpur, Gurugram and Sohna. All of these are part of Gurugram Lok Sabha (House of the People is the lower house of the Parliament of India) constituency.
OSD (Officer on Special Duty)